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The chamber was constructed by Sinan under the reign of Sultan Murad III. It houses what are considered to be “the most sacred relics of the Muslim world”: The cloak of the prophet Muhammad, two swords, a bow, one tooth, hairs of his beard, his battle sabres, autographed letters and other relics which are known as the Sacred Trusts.
Several other sacred objects are on display, such as the swords of the first four Caliphs, the staff of Moses, the turban of Joseph and a carpet of the daughter of Mohammed.
In 1856, Sultan Abdül Mecid I decided to move the court to the newly built Dolmabahçe Palace, the first European-style palace in the city.
Some functions, such as the imperial treasury, the library, mosque and mint, were retained though.
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The harem was home to the sultan's mother, the Valide Sultan; the concubines and wives of the sultan; and the rest of his family, including children; and their servants.
Just drag the mouse to the direction you want to look. When the screensaver starts, a random site is chosen and shown around automatically (this gives the impression of looking at a documentary in HD quality). ——— The Topkapı Palace in Istanbul was the official and primary residence of the Ottoman Sultans for 400 years of their 600-year reign from 1465 to 1856.
The palace was a setting for state occasions and royal entertainments and is a major tourist attraction today, containing the most holy relics of the Muslim world such as the prophet Muhammed's cloak and sword.
The complex has been expanded over the centuries, with many renovations such as after the 1509 earthquake and 1665 fire. The name directly translates as “Cannon gate Palace”, from the palace being named after a nearby, now destroyed, gate.
Topkapı Palace gradually lost its importance at the end of the 17th century, as the Sultans preferred to spend more time in their new palaces along the Bosporus.